Industrial Evolution

Medium: Collage, coal, acrylic medium, artists footprints and oil paint on canvas.
Size: 31” h x 37” w;  79 cm h x 94 cm w

Only a trace of human (homo sapien) activity remains in this post Industrial Evolution environment. In On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin envisioned a gradual evolutionary change where plants and animals adapted to conditions over time. However, humanities interference with the natural world has deconstructed this evolutionary model. Social complexities have caused a dependency on increasing amounts of fossil fuels and made humanity responsible for their own evolution and that of the whole planet. The coral reefs and Chilean beetles (Chiasognathus grantii) that Darwin studied less than 200 years ago are now considered at risk as peak oil looms on the horizon.

Male Chilean beetle, Chiasognathus grantii


Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species: The Illustrated edition. Sterling Publishing Co. Inc. New York, NY. (2008). pp 154-157.

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Heinberg, Richard. Peak Everything: Waking Up to the Century of Declines. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC Canada. (2010). pp. 185-86

Huxley, Julian and Kettlewell, H. B. D. Charles Darwin and His World. Thames and Hudson Ltd., London. (1965).
pp. 46-48, 53, 74, 91-94.

Morton, Alexander. “Salmon Are Sacred, The Get Out Migration.” Agi Hall, Gabriola Island, BC Canada. May 4, 2010.

Woolley, Pieta. “Sea lice from fish farms threaten Fraser River Sockeye.” Michael Price, Conservation Biologist, Raincoast Conservation Foundation. (March 23, 2009).

Raincoast Conservation Foundation.